PV Uses a network of solar cells, made of silicon, which are linked together to form a panel

Panels can be sized or linked together to meet specific energy requirements

When sunlight shines on the panels an electrical field is created across the cells

This allows an electrical current to flow through the layers of cells

The greater the intensity of light, the greater the flow of electricity


The result is Direct Current (DC) electricity, which is passed to an ‘inverter’

The inverter changes the DC into Alternating Current (AC) electricity

AC is what we use everyday as mains electricity

The inverter then supplies this usable AC power to us through the fuse board

If the energy created is less than required the remainder is drawn from the national grid, helping to keep your energy bills low

If the energy created is more than required it could be exported to the national grid, potentially earning you incentive payments (see our financial incentives section)

Alternatively, battery storage systems can be used to store excess energy for use at a later time, rather than releasing it to the national grid

Kindly provided by AES Solar